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One of the PHASE core values is “knowledge transfer and thought leadership”. PHASE aims to develop global links so that professionals can share skills and expertise; we want to promote what we have learned as an organisation and seek to undertake research to increase our knowledge and improve our work. Here we share some notable contributions by staff, trustees and volunteers.

Our Publications



Primary Health Care in Rural Nepal
Dr Gerda Pohl

What can GPs in the UK offer to Global Health? Improving Primary Care Services in Rural Nepal – Dr. Gerda Pohl, PHASE Trustee Published in the British Journal of General Practice, October 2012.

British Health Professionals
Dr Gerda Pohl

Involving British Health Professionals in Primary Care Capacity Building Presented at a one day conference regarding international partnerships in primary care and public health which was organised by THET, 2013.

Clinical Guidelines
Dr Gerda Pohl

Clinical Guidelines for Primary Health Care in Rural Areas of Nepal (in Nepali and English) These guidelines are widely used not only by our staff, but by district government departments and other NGOs. Please contact us if you would like further information.

Medical Volunteer Placements
Omnia Elnawawy, Andrew Lee, Gerda Pohl

Making Short-term International Medical Volunteer Placements Work: A Qualitative Study International medical volunteering has grown in recent decades. It has the potential to benefit and harm the volunteer and host countries; but there is a paucity of literature on the impacts of international medical volunteering and a need to find ways to optimise the benefits of such placements. Published in the British Journal of General Practice, June 2014.

Health Systems Actors
Jiban Karki

Jiban Karki, Director of PHASE Nepal Jiban is currently undertaking a PHD at the University of Sheffield – Title of PHD: Health Systems Actors Interaction in Primary Health Care: A Study of 3 Districts in Nepal.

Sarah Galvin

Does corruption create additional challenges for Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in their partnership work with the Cambodian government (in education)? – Sarah Galvin, Director of PHASE Worldwide Published in 2014.

Husbands in Maternal Health
Lewis, Lee, Simkhada

The Role of Husbands in Maternal Health and Safe Childbirth in Rural Nepal: A Qualitative Study – Sarah Lewis, Andrew Lee and Padam Simkhada Husbands’ involvement in maternal health is often overlooked by health programmes in developing countries and is an under-researched area of study globally. This study explores their role, what factors influence or discourage their involvement, how women feel about male presence, and what needs to be taken into account for the development of health education for husbands. Published by BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth in 2015

Collaborating with NGO’s

This article highlights how partnership work between UK and Nepal NGOs, PHASE Worldwide and the Nepal Network for Cancer Treatment and Research (NNCTR), and Health providers in UK can support solutions to key health issues in low income countries

Masters Theses

The work of a number of students who travelled to Nepal to do a piece of research as the basis of their Masters thesis:


Electronic Medical records
Anna Watkinson-Powell and A. Lee

Benefits of an Electronic Medical Records System in Rural Nepal – Anna Watkinson-Powell and A. Lee Brief Abstract: Electronic medical records systems may improve the efficiency and quality of health services in developing countries. However the supporting evidence is limited as there are a number of barriers to their implementation, including lack of infrastructure, resources and skills. The objective of this study was to evaluate the introduction and assess the potential benefits of an Electronic Medical Records System in Rural at an NGO-supported health post in rural Nepal. Published by the Journal of Nepal Medical Association.

The Role of Fathers
Sarah Lewis

The Role Of Fathers In Safe Childbirth And Maternal Health In Rural Nepal This study aimed to assess the need to educate expectant fathers about safe childbirth and maternal health in rural Nepal. The qualitative research was conducted over a three week period in four main remote and rural villages of the Gorkha District, located in Nepal’s Himalayas. Published by Sarah Lewis in 2012For the full article please email sarah.lewis29@hotmail.co.uk.

Poverty and Mental Health
Segen Moyes

Poverty And Its Effect On Mental Health In Women In Hagam, Nepal This research explores the effect of poverty on women’s mental health in Hagam, Sindhupalchowk and found that there is a limited understanding of this medical topic. Findings showed that there is an understanding of mental health among the 3 health workers, but this knowledge is hindered from reaching the community due to the disproportionate distribution of health workers and as mental health is not identified as a priority. Published by Segen Moges in 2012.

Health Informatics
Halldóra Theódórsdóttir

Co-operation for health data quality: health informatics in Nepal and the developing world Developing countries struggle to implement electronic health information systems, due to limited financial and human resources, a lack of infrastructure, and fragile national health systems. This paper explores the barriers implementing health informatics in developing countries and extending them to rural areas, and the importance of collaboration between local and global actors for long-term success, using Nepal as a case study. Published by Halldóra Theódórsdóttir in 2012.

Waterborn Diseases
Adanze Oluwfunmilola Uchegbulam

Trends in waterborne diseases in Gorkha, Sindhupalchok and Humla districts of Nepal Water-borne diseases are of great public health importance in developing countries, however not enough data exists on the overall prevalence and incidence of these diseases. From the research it can be said that climate conditions have a huge effect on the number of waterborne disease cases in Nepal due to the sharp rise in number of patients during the monsoon season. Published by Adanze Oluwfunmilola Uchegbulam in 2012.

Cervical Cancer


We have a variety of reports from our Cervical Cancer programme in Nepal.

External Links


Claire Bennet

Claire Bennett – PHASE Founder Member Claire was the UK coordinator of youth organization Development in Action, and became a coordinator for a DFID strategy to embed a global dimension to classroom education. After volunteering with VSO in Cambodia, Claire is now in Nepal working for a US-based global citizenship education company and freelancing as a development education consultant. She is currently writing a book and running a website about Voluntourism.

David Citrin

David Citrin – Director of Impact at Possible David has written an interesting article about the areas in which PHASE works in western NepalThe Anatomy of Ephemeral Care: “Health Camps” and Short-Term Medical Voluntourism in Remote Nepal’


Other Useful Documents


DFID Report on Maternal Mortality in Nepal 2008/9

Humla District Profile 2013

Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011

RCGP improving Global Health – 2010

Regional Dimensions of Poverty in Nepal 2013

World Health Organisation (WHO) Retaining Health Workers in Rural Areas 2010

UNDP – Millennium Development Goals progress Report 2013

Nepal Human Development Report 2014 – Beyond Geography: Unlocking Human Potential